A vibrant interdisciplinary community of scholars, students, and practitioners dedicated to understanding the moral challenges of our time and creating scholarly frameworks, policy, and practice to address them.
Nannerl O. Keohane Director, Kenan Institute for Ethics
Associate Research Professor of Sociology
Suzanne Shanahan is Nannerl O. Keohane Director of the Kenan Institute for Ethics and Associate Research Professor in Sociology. Suzanne also directs the Kenan Refugee Project and DukeEngage Dublin. Her current research focuses on forced migration and moral responsibility. More specifically, Suzanne’s work explores the impact of displacement on refugee well-being and moral boundaries before and after resettlement with particular focus on Bhutanese, Iraqi and Syrian refugees. This community-based research is a collaboration with communities both in the Middle East and with newcomer communities in North Carolina. Other work explores the dynamics of racial collective action in the United States and Europe. She is recipient of the Robert B. Cox Distinguished Teaching Award and the Dean’s Distinguished Service Award. Suzanne received her PhD from Stanford University.
102 West Duke Building
PO Box 90432
Durham, NC 27708
Dan Ariely is the James B. Duke Professor of Behavioral Economics at the Fuqua School of Business, the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Economics Department and Senior Fellow in the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. As a behavioral economist, he studies how people actually act in the marketplace, as opposed to how they should or would perform if they were completely rational. His work has been published in leading psychology, economics, and business journals, and he serves on a number of editorial review boards. Dan recently wrote a general audience book on behavioral economics entitled Predictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces that Shape Our Decisions. He is also a founding member of the Center for Advanced Hindsight. He earned a bachelor’s degree in psychology from Tel Aviv University, a master’s and doctorate degree in cognitive psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and a doctorate in business administration from Duke University. He is currently working on a new book titled Dining Without Crumbs: The Art of Eating Over the Sink.
Professor of History, Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics, Vice Provost for Interdisciplinary Studies
Vice Provost, Interdisciplinary Studies
Ed Balleisen's research and writing explores the historical intersections of law, business, politics, and policy in the modern United States, with a particular focus on the origins, evolution, and impacts of the modern regulatory state. His most recent book, Fraud: An American History from Barnum to Madoff (Princeton University Press, 2017) received the 2018 Ralph Gomory Prize from the Business History Conference.
Since 2015, he has served as Duke’s Vice Provost for Interdisciplinary Studies, working with university-wide institutes and initiatives to foster collaborative, interdisciplinary research, teaching, and engagement. In this capacity, he oversees Bass Connections, an innovative program that supports interdisciplinary, problem-centered research teams involving faculty, graduate students, and undergrads. He is also the lead co-PI on Duke’s “Versatile Humanists” project, funded by a Next Generation Implementation grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
He received his BA from Princeton University and his MPhil and PhD from Yale University.
216 Allen Bldg
Durham, NC 27708
Professor of Pediatrics and Christian Philosophy | Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Palliative Care | Director, Medical Humanities | Trent Center for Bioethics, Humanities, and History of Medicine
Ray Barfield is Professor of Pediatrics and Christian Philosophy at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He received his MD and his PhD (in philosophy) from Emory University. He is a pediatric oncologist and palliative care physician with an interest in expanding the role of the humanities and the arts in the formation of physicians.
Ray has over 100 publications in medicine, philosophy, and literature, including several books: The Ancient Quarrel Between Poetry and Philosophy, Life in the Blind Spot (poetry), The Book of Colors (a novel), and most recently a book of philosophy called Wager: Beauty, Suffering, and Being in the World. Forthcoming books include Dante’s New Moon (poetry) and The Practice of Medicine as Being in Time (philosophy).
He was the founding director of two programs at Duke: Theology, Medicine, and Culture and Pediatric Palliative Care and Quality of Life. Currently he directs the Medical Humanities Program for the Trent Center in Duke’s Medical School, and teaches courses at the intersection of philosophy, theology, and medicine in the Divinity School. He is married to Karen, who is an Episcopal priest, and they have two children – Micah and Alexandra.
Senior Fellow, Kenan Institute for Ethics and Co-Director, MADLAB
Assistant Research Professor, Social Science Research Institute
Jana Schaich Borg is a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and co-director of the Institute’s MADLAB. She also serves as Assistant Research Professor at Duke’s Social Science Research Institute. She uses neuroscience, computational modeling, and emerging technologies to study how we make social decisions that influence, or that are influenced by, other people. As a neuroscientist, she employs neuroimaging, ECOG, simultaneous electrophysiological recordings in rats, and 3-D videos to gain insight into how humans and rodents make social decisions. As a data scientist, she works on interdisciplinary teams to develop new statistical approaches to analyze these high-dimensional multi-modal data in order to uncover principles of how the brain integrates complex social information with internal representations of value to motivate social actions.
Professor of Theological Ethics, Duke Divinity School
Professor Bretherton’s primary teaching interests are theological ethics, Christian political thought, missiology and practices of social, political and economic witness. Before joining the Duke faculty, he was Reader in Theology & Politics and Convener of the Faith & Public Policy Forum at King’s College London. Prior to that he was Director of Studies of the South East Institute for Theological Education (University of Kent), which prepared Methodist, Reformed, and Anglican ministers for ordination. He has worked with a variety of faith-based NGOs, mission agencies and churches around the world, particularly in Central and Eastern Europe.
His first book, Hospitality as Holiness: Christian Witness Amid Moral Diversity (Ashgate, 2006) explores the church’s response to moral pluralism in critical dialogue with Alasdair MacIntyre’s moral philosophy and develops a constructive, theological response to the issues identified using euthanasia and the hospice movement as a case study. As well as academic articles published in journals such as Modern Theology, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, and Studies in Christian Ethics, he writes in the media (including The Guardian, The Times and The Huffington Post) on topics related to religion and politics. From 2006-2011 Bretherton was reviews editor for the journal Political Theology. His other previous work has focused on faith-based organizations, the church’s involvement in social welfare provision, the treatment of refugees, and fair trade. This was drawn together in Christianity & Contemporary Politics: The Conditions and Possibilities of Faithful Witness (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010). When living in the United Kingdom, he was actively involved in politics as part of London Citizens, a broad-based community organization, and had a role advising the Conservative-Liberal government on strengthening civil society.
His current areas of research focus on the intersections between Christianity, grassroots democracy, globalization, responses to poverty, and patterns of inter-faith relations. His book Resurrecting Democracy: Faith, Citizenship and the Politics of a Common Good (Cambridge University Press, 2015), draws on a three-year Arts and Humanities Research Council funded project for which he was principal investigator (2008-2011).
Allen Buchanan’s teaching includes a basic course on human rights, focusing on controversies about the nature of human rights, the justifications for claims about the existence of human rights, the reasons for and against having an international legal human rights system, and the legitimacy (or otherwise) of efforts to promote compliance with human rights norms. Another previous course was titled "Science, Ethics, and Democracy." It provided a critical examination of relationships between science and democracy, on the assumption that public policy formation in a democracy should be informed by scientific knowledge but also will inevitably require taking a stand on ethical issues.
He continues to do research mainly in three areas: bioethics (at present mainly on the ethics of enhancement and of synthetic biology), philosophy of international law, and social moral epistemology. His most recent papers are “Philosophical Theories of Human Rights” in The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy, David Estlund, ed.; “Why International Legal Human Rights?” in Foundations of Human Rights, edited by Matthew Liao and Massimo Renzo; “Human Rights and Moral Progress” in Human Rights: The Hard Questions, edited by Cindy Holder and David Reidy; and “Social Moral Epistemology and Education,” forthcoming in a volume on the Philosophy of Education resulting from a Spencer Foundation conference, edited by Harry Brighouse. 1) is a critical survey of current work by philosophers on human rights and argues that they have a seriously inadequate conception of what a philosophical theory of human rights should do. (2) addresses an embarrassingly neglected question: Even if there are moral human rights, why should we have a system of international legal human rights? (3) develops a theory of moral progress and shows how the modern conception of human rights incorporates progress in thinking about justice. These three papers on human rights plus the paper on social moral epistemology and education are available, if you email him requesting them. His books on enhancement include BEYOND HUMANITY (Oxford, 2012) and BETTER THAN HUMAN (Oxford, 2012).
201-E West Duke Building
Durham, NC 27708
I am an Associate Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at Duke University, as well as a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and member of KIE’s Rethinking Regulation Faculty Advisory Group. My overarching research interests are the evolution and persistence of institutions, the interaction between domestic and international institutions, and the ways in which institutions enable and constrain actors. Substantively, my work on global private politics focuses primarily on the causes and consequences of delegating governance — and especially regulatory authority — to non-state and increasingly also non-governmental bodies. As Co-Principal Investigator of the International Standards Project, I have directed multi-country, multi-industry business surveys about the global private politics of setting standards for international product and financial markets. This research is presented in New Global Rulers: The Privatization of Regulation in the World Economy (co-authored with Walter Mattli, Princeton University Press, 2011). I have also recently guest-edited a special issue of the interdisciplinary journal Business and Politics on “Private Regulation in the Global Economy.” My other work focuses institutional development and the regulation of competition in the European Union, foreign direct investment by multinational corporations, the allocation of foreign aid by humanitarian and development NGOs, and business partisanship.
Professor of African and African American Studies and Sociology
Michaeline Crichlow is professor of African and African American Studies and Sociology and a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. She is interested in projects related to citizenship, nationalism, and development mainly in the Atlantic and Pacific regions. Current projects are focused on the sorts of claims that populations deemed diasporic make on states, and how these reconfigure their communities and general sociocultural practices. One project, “Governing the Present: Vistas, Violence and the Politics of Place” examines the quests for place and freedoms among populations in the Caribbean, Pacific, and South Africa. She is also interested in development’s impact on social and economic environments, and the way this structures and restructures people’s assessments of their spaces for the articulation and pursuit of particular kinds of freedoms. She is an associate research fellow on a project called 50:50 at the Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) at the University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. Her publications include Globalization and the Postcreole Imagination: Notes on Fleeing the Plantation (July 2009).
Farr Curlin is a hospice and palliative care physician who joined Duke University in January 2014. He holds joint appointments in the School of Medicine, including its Trent Center for Bioethics, Humanities & History of Medicine, and in Duke Divinity School, including its Initiative on Theology, Medicine and Culture. He works with Duke colleagues to foster scholarship, study, and training regarding the intersections of medicine, ethics, and religion.
After graduating from medical school, he completed internal medicine residency training and fellowships in both health services research and clinical ethics at the University of Chicago before joining its faculty in 2003. His empirical research charts the influence of physicians’ moral traditions and commitments, both religious and secular, on physicians’ clinical practices.
As an ethicist, he addresses questions regarding whether and in what ways physicians’ religious commitments ought to shape their clinical practices in a plural democracy.
108 Seeley G. Mudd Building
Medical Center Box 3040
Durham, NC 27710
Juliette Duara is a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. Her current work involves comparative investigations into the implementation of human rights standards in Asian jurisdictions. Most recently this project has included research into human rights issues related to appropriations of land without adequate notice or compensation to affected populations, i.e. the “land grab” issue. Juliette, who is especially interested in the gendered implications of human rights violations, has previously worked on women and inheritance in colonial Asia, and proportionality and gender equality adjudication in India. She has an MA in Asian Studies from Stanford, a JD from the University of Chicago Law School, and a PhD. in Law from the National University of Singapore Faculty of Law.
103 East Duke Building
PO Box 90432
Durham, NC 27708
Ruth Grant is professor of Political Science and Philosophy and Senior Fellow in the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. She specializes in political theory with a particular interest in early modern philosophy and political ethics. She is the author of Strings Attached: Untangling the Ethics of Incentives, John Locke’s Liberalism, and Hypocrisy and Integrity: Machiavelli, Rousseau and the Ethics of Politics, and the editor of In Search of Goodness, and Naming Evil, Judging Evil. Her articles have appeared in a variety of journals with audiences in several fields, including political science, medicine, law, education, economics, and philosophy. She has received fellowship awards from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the National Humanities Center. She earned her BA and PhD in political science from the University of Chicago.
Professor of History, Political Science and Religion and Director of the Religions and Public Life initiative at the Kenan Institute for Ethics
Malachi H. Hacohen – Bass Fellow and Professor of History, Political Science and Religion – is Director of the Religions and Public Life initiative at the Kenan Institute for Ethics, and member of the faculties of Slavic and Eurasian, German and Jewish Studies. He teaches intellectual history and Jewish European history, with his research interests focusing on Central European social theory, political philosophy, and rabbinic culture. Hacohen writes on the Central European Jewish intelligentsia, on nation state vs. empire in Jewish European history, and on Jewish–Christian relations. He has paid special attention to science and culture in Vienna, to the international networks of European Jewish émigrés, and to trans-Atlantic Cold War liberalism. His Jewish European history is both traditionally Jewish and cosmopolitan European.
Hacohen's book Karl Popper - The Formative Years, 1902-1945 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000) won the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize of the AHA and the Victor Adler- Staatspreis (Austrian state-prize). He has published essays inthe leading journals of European and Jewish history and in several important collections. His book Jacob & Esau:Jewish European History Between Nation and Empire (Cambridge University Press, 2018) is a profound account of two millennia of Jewish European history which, for the first time, integrates the cosmopolitan narrative of the Jewish intelligentsia with that of traditional Jews and Jewish culture. The book uses the biblical story of the rival twins Jacob and Esau, and its subsequent retelling by Christians and Jews through the ages, as lens through which to illuminate changing Jewish-Christian relations and the opening and closing of opportunities for Jewish life in Europe.
Hacohen received the Frederick Burkhardt Fellowship from the ACLS, as well as of Fulbright, Mellon, and Whiting fellowships and a number of teaching awards. He was a fellow at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies in 2016-17, the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences in Palo Alto in 2006-07, the National Humanities Center in 2002-03, and the IFK (Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften) in Vienna in 2001. He is a coordinator of the Triangle Intellectual History Seminar (Duke, NCSU, UNC, and Wake Forest University) and the North Carolina Jewish Studies Seminar. He has served on the editorial board of several professional journals, as well as on the international board of the House of History – Austria, the Vienna International Summer University, the IFK, and the Adler and Vogelsang Austrian State Prize jury. Most recently, he has led an international research initiative on Empire, Socialism and Jews, with a series of conferences in Vienna and Duke University
He received his BA from Bar Ilan University (Israel) and his MA, MPhil, and PhD from Columbia University.
Visiting Scholar and Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics.
Geoffrey Harpham is a Visiting Scholar and Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. He was trained as a literary scholar, but has worked in a wide range of fields within the humanities. His abiding concerns have been ethics and literary study, the concept of language, the work of Joseph Conrad, and, more recently, a variety of issues relating to educational theory and practice, especially the humanities. His more recent books are Language Alone: The Critical Fetish of Modernity, The Character of Criticism, and The Humanities and the Dream of America. He is the co-author, with M. H. Abrams, of A Glossary of Literary Terms. From 2003-15, he was the director of the National Humanities Center in Research Triangle Park.
102 West Duke Building
Associate Professor in Sociology and the Kenan Institute for Ethics
Kieran Healy is associate professor of Sociology and the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. His research interests are in economic sociology, the sociology of culture, the sociology of organizations, and social theory. He is the author of Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs. His articles have appeared in numerous journals including the American Sociological Review, the Journal of Political Philosophy, and the American Journal of Sociology. Healy has taught at the University of Arizona and was a research fellow at Australian National University. He was awarded a Residential Fellowship with the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University in 2008. Healy earned an undergraduate degree in sociology and geography at the National University of Ireland (Cork) and a Ph.D in sociology from Princeton University. His current focus is on the moral order of market society, the effect of quantification on the emergence and stabilization of social categories, and the link between these two topics.
Laurence R. Helfer is an expert in international law whose scholarly interests include interdisciplinary analysis of international law and institutions, human rights, and international intellectual property law and policy. He is co-director of Duke Law School’s Center for International and Comparative Law.
Prior to joining the Duke Law faculty in July 2009, Helfer was a professor of law and director of the International Legal Studies Program at Vanderbilt University Law School. He has also taught at Harvard Law School, Loyola Law School in Los Angeles, Princeton University, and the University of Chicago Law School. He is a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law and the Journal of World Intellectual Property. Helfer has authored more than 70 publications and has lectured widely on his diverse research interests, which also include international litigation and dispute settlement and lesbian and gay human rights. He is the coauthor of Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface (Cambridge University Press, 2011) and Human Rights (2d ed., Foundation Press, 2009); and the monograph “Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Varieties: International Legal Regimes and Policy Options for National Governments” (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, 2004). His articles have appeared in leading American law reviews, including the Yale Law Journal, the Columbia Law Review, the California Law Review, the Virginia Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, the Vanderbilt Law Review, and Duke’s Journal of Law and Contemporary Problems, as well as in numerous peer-reviewed and international law journals.
Helfer holds a JD from New York University, where he graduated Order of the Coif and was articles editor of the New York University Law Review. He also holds a master’s degree in public administration from Princeton University, where he was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow, and a bachelor’s degree from Yale University. He served as a law clerk to Chief Judge Dolores K. Sloviter of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Before beginning his academic career, Helfer practiced with the New York law firm of Rabinowitz, Boudin, Standard, Krinksy & Lieberman, P.C., focusing on international law, intellectual property litigation, and civil liberties.
Dean of the Sanford School of Public Policy; Terry Sanford Professor of Public Policy and Political Science
Judith Kelley is Dean of the Sanford School for Public Policy; Terry Sanford Professor of Public Policy and Political Science; and Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. Kelley’s work focuses on how states, international organizations and NGOs can promote domestic political reforms in problem states, and how international norms, laws and other governance tools influence state behavior. Substantively, her work addresses human rights and democracy, international election observation, and human trafficking. Past work has focused on the International Criminal Court, the European Union and other international organizations. Details on her election monitoring project are on the web at Project on International Election Monitoring. Her newest work focuses on the global fight against human trafficking. She is leading a major research project to study the effectiveness of the diplomacy of the United States on human trafficking. She is the PI on a grant from the National Science Foundation for this project. Her work has been published by Princeton University Press, and in journals such as the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, and the Journal of Common Market Studies. Her book, Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works and Why It Often Fails (Princeton 2012) was “One of Choice’s Outstanding Academic Titles for 2013” and also received the Chadwick F. Alger Prize, which is awarded by the International Studies Association to recognize the “best book published in the previous calendar year on the subject of international organization and multilateralism.”
237 Sanford Building
Durham, NC 27708-0120
Alexander Kirshner's research cuts across democratic theory, comparative politics, and constitutional law. His book A Theory of Militant Democracy: The Ethics of Combating Political Extremism investigates the paradoxical ethical dilemmas raised by antidemocratic opposition to democratic government. His current research explores the intellectual history and practice of legitimate opposition and the competition between religious parties in contemporary Egypt and Tunisia. Alex was an undergraduate and doctoral student at Yale, and he completed an MPhil in political thought and intellectual history at Cambridge. He also spent a few years as a management consultant and as a fellow at a foreign policy think-tank in Washington, D.C.
Kimberly Krawiec is Kathrine Robinson Everett Professor of Law and Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. An expert on corporate law who teaches courses on securities, corporate, and derivatives law, her research interests span a variety of fields, including the empirical analysis of contract disputes; the choice of organizational form by professional service firms, including law firms; forbidden or taboo markets; corporate compliance systems; insider trading; derivatives hedging practices; and “rogue” trading.
Prior to joining academia, Krawiec was a member of the Commodity & Derivatives Group at the New York office of Sullivan & Cromwell. She has served as a commentator for the Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative (CEELI) of the American Bar Association and on the faculty of the National Association of Securities Dealers Institute for Professional Development at the Wharton School of Business. She holds a juris doctorate from Georgetown University and a bachelor’s degree from North Carolina State University.
Krawiec’s recent scholarship addresses organizational misconduct and trade within forbidden or contested markets. These works include “Price and Pretense in The Baby Market,” in Baby Markets: Money, Morals, and the Neopolitics of Choice (Cambridge University Press, 2009); “Sunny Samaritans & Egomaniacs: Price-Fixing in the Gamete Market,” and “Show Me The Money: Making Markets in Forbidden Exchange,” forthcoming in Duke Law School’s Law and Contemporary Problems; and “Altruism and Intermediation in the Market for Babies,” in the Washington & Lee Law Review. She also recently contributed a chapter, “Operational Risk Management: An Emergent Industry,” to the book Operational Risk Towards Basel III: Best Practices and Issues in Modeling, Management and Regulation (John Wiley and Sons, 2009).
Krawiec also has taught law at the University of Virginia, the University of North Carolina, Harvard, and Northwestern, where she received the 1999-2000 Robert Childres Award for Teaching Excellence.
Adriane Lentz-Smith's interests lie in African American history, twentieth-century United States history, and the history of the U.S. and the world. Her 2009 book Freedom Struggles: African Americans and World War I looks at the black freedom struggle in the World War I years, with a particular focus on manhood, citizenship, and global encounters. More recently, she has been at work on a book tentatively entitled Afterlives: Sagon Penn, State Violence, and the Twilight of Civil Rights. The book looks at dramatic moments of violent encounters between African Americans and the police to explore the role of violence in sustaining and opposing white supremacy in the two decades following the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. She is also interested in how African Americans engaged the world in the age of Cold War civil rights, and how their participation in the project of U.S. state and empire set the horizons of their freedom struggles.
Nonresident Senior Fellow, Kenan Institute for Ethics
Director of the Jim Pattison Ethical Leadership Education & Research Program; Associate Professor, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University (Toronto, Canada)
Chris MacDonald is a Nonresident Senior Fellow of the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University, Director of the Jim Pattison Ethical Leadership Education & Research Program, and Associate Professor at Ryerson University’s Ted Rogers School of Management (Toronto, Canada). He specializes in business ethics: his interests encompass a range of practical and theoretical problems related to ethics in commerce. He is the co-author of the best-selling textbook, the Power of Critical Thinking, 3rd Canadian Edition (Oxford, 2013) and co-author of Business Ethics: Decision Making for Personal Integrity and Social Responsibility (McGraw-Hill, 2014). His articles have appeared in numerous journals, including Business Ethics Quarterly, The Journal of Business Ethics, and Bio Drugs. He is co-founder and co-editor of the Business Ethics Journal Review.
MacDonald is author of The Business Ethics Blog. Due in part to his blogging, he was named one of the “100 Most Influential People in Business Ethics” by Ethisphere Magazine in 2008, 2009, and again in 2010. He earned a bachelor’s degree in philosophy and political studies from Trent University and a doctorate in philosophy from the University of British Columbia. His current research projects include an examination of the use of Twitter to discuss business ethics and an exploration of the social and ethical implications of 21st century manufacturing technologies.
Department of Law & Business
Ted Rogers School of Management
575 Bay Street
Visiting Associate Professor, Sanford School of Public Policy
Ian MacMullen, a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and Visiting Associate Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy, is a political theorist whose primary research and teaching interests lie in the politics of education and of religious and cultural pluralism. He is the author of two books Civics Beyond Critics: Character Education in a Liberal Democracy (Oxford Political Theory series, Oxford University Press, 2015) explores the ways in which civic education in a liberal democracy could and should shape children’s values, beliefs, preferences, habits, identities, and sentiments; Faith in Schools? Autonomy, Citizenship, and Religious Education in the Liberal State (Princeton University Press, 2007) articulates a vision of liberal government in a multi-religious society through a consideration of the fundamental principles of public education policy.
MacMullen’s current research concerns the moral permissibility of articulating and/or acting on the basis of religious reasons in politics. He is developing a novel evaluation of the claim, frequently advanced by proponents of “public reason,” that religious arguments are unfit to justify the state’s coercive activities because these arguments depend upon beliefs whose grounds are not accessible to all citizens.
MacMullen’s teaching interests and experience also include social and distributive justice, history of political thought, political ethics, democratic theory, and rights. He received his PhD. in Political Science from Harvard University. He joined the faculty at Washington University in St. Louis in 2007, received tenure in 2015, and accepted a visiting position at Duke University in 2016.
Assistant Professor, Department of Cultural Anthropology
Laurie McIntosh is a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and Assistant Professor in the Department of Cultural Anthropology. She holds a PhD in anthropology from Harvard University. She specializes in the anthropology of Europe, migration, critical race and gender studies, and film and visual studies. Her research explores the ethics and politics of immigrant integration policies, state governance and moral experience, the epistemology of global aging, and the ideological mainstreaming of extremist political movements. Her ongoing projects investigate multiculturalism in Norway, the detention and expulsion of asylum-seekers in Spain, and a comparative exploration of elder subjectivity and sociality, transborder citizenship, and the politics of care amongst aging populations in Europe and Canada.
Nonresident Senior Fellow, Kenan Institute for Ethics
Senior Research Fellow, Geary Institute, University College Dublin
Dorren McMahon is a Senior Research Fellow at the Geary Institute, University College Dublin. Following the completion of a major European research grant on educational disadvantage amongst young people in Europe, she took up research on young people who are not in school, work, or training and who are commonly referred to as Europe's NEETS population. She is also involved in research on the U.S. NEETS population with colleagues at RTI and Arizona State University. They are examining the disconnection of these "opportunity youth" who at a time of considerable economic burden are estimated to cost society over $4 trillion during their lifetime. As with many of Europe’s NEETS population, little is known about where America’s opportunity youth live or whether there are unusually high concentrations within U.S. counties
Dorren received her BA in history from University College Dublin and an MA by research in 1985. She received her PhD in sociology from Nuffield College, Oxford.
Mike and Ruth Mackowski Professor of Ethics in the Kenan Institute for Ethics and the Department of Philosophy
Wayne Norman is the Mike and Ruth Mackowski Professor of Ethics in the Kenan Institute for Ethics and the Department of Philosophy at Duke University. He specializes in business ethics and political philosophy: his work in business ethics includes critical evaluations of stakeholder theory, corporate citizenship, corporate social responsibility, the so-called “triple bottom line”, and conflicts of interest; and his work in political philosophy includes nationalism, citizenship, constitutionalism, federalism, secession, and multiculturalism. He is the author of Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-building, Federalism, and Secession in the Multinational State and co-editor or author of four other books. His articles have appeared in numerous journals including Ethics, Political Studies, and Business Ethics Quarterly. He previously held Chairs in Business Ethics at the Université de Montréal and the University of British Columbia, and before that taught at the University of Ottawa and the University of Western Ontario. In 2001, his 5-person MBA Core Team won the Allen Blizzard Award for Best Collaborative Teaching in Higher Education in Canada. He earned a bachelor’s degree in philosophy from Trent University and a doctorate in philosophy from the London School of Economics. He is currently working on a conception of business ethics arising out of the economic and legal theory of the firm.
102 West Duke Building
Durham, NC 27708
Dirk Philipsen is Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University and an Associate Research Professor of Economic History at the Sanford School of Public Policy. His work and teaching is focused on sustainability and the history of capitalism and his most recent research has focused on GDP as the dominant measure of success in U.S. and international economic affairs. His work also includes historical explorations of alternative measures for well-being.
Raised in Germany and educated in both Germany and the United States, he received a BA in economics (College for Economics, Berlin, 1982), an MA in American Studies (John F. Kennedy Institute, Free University Berlin, 1987), and a PhD in American Social and Economic History (Duke University, 1992). He has taught at Duke University, Virginia Commonwealth University, and Virginia State University. For ten years, he served as Director of the Institute for the Study of Race Relations at Virginia State University, which he founded in 1997. In 2001-2002, he served as one of the lead authors in generating a new shared governance constitution for Virginia State University.
Dirk Philipsen has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Andrew Mellon Foundation, the Franklin Humanities Center at Duke, and the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. He has published on the history of modern capitalism, movements for social and economic justice, as well as race and race relations. His first book, We Were the People, chronicles the collapse of communism in East Germany and was published by Duke University Press. Recently, he served as editor and contributor to a volume on Green Business, published by SAGE. His latest work is published by Princeton University Press under the title The Little Big Number – How GDP Came to Rule the World, And What to Do About It (Spring 2015.)
Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for European Policy Studies
Andrea Renda is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics, where he previously was the George C. Lamb, Jr. Regulatory Fellow (2015-16) and a resident Senior Fellow (2016-17). At Duke he taught the courses "Private Regulation and Public Policy," "Law and Economics," and "Regulating Emerging Technologies" between 2015 and 2017. He now holds the Google Chair for Digital Innovation at the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, and is a Senior Research Fellow and Head of GRID (Global Governance, Regulation, Innovation and the Digital Economy) at the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), a leading think tank located in Brussels.
He is a member of the ESIR group of advisers to the European Commissioner, Directorate General for Research and Innovation; a member of the EU High Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence; and a member of the EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum. He is a board member of the International Telecommunications Society, and chairs the European Communications Policy Research association. He currently leads the TRIGGER project (Trends in Global Governance and Europe's Role) funded by the European Union.
Andrea's research interest lie at the intersection of regulation, technology and ethics. He is also a professional musician and a restless traveler.
Edgar P. and Elizabeth C. Bartlett Professor of Law and Business Administration
Professor Richman’s research interests include the economics of contracting, new institutional economics, antitrust, and healthcare policy. He teaches contracts, antitrust, and health law, and he has guest taught classes at The Fuqua School of Business and the Sanford School of Public Policy. He was invited to the Yale/Stanford Junior Faculty Forum in 2004, received Duke Law School’s Blueprint Award in 2005, and was a recipient of the Provost’s Common Fund award in 2006.
Professor Richman received an AB, magna cum laude, from Brown University; an MA in Economics from the University of California at Berkeley; a JD, magna cum laude, from Harvard Law School; and a Ph.D in Business Administration from the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley. Professor Richman also spent one year at the Pardes Institute in Jerusalem, Israel, studying biblical and talmudic texts.
His recent work has been published in the Columbia Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Law and Social Inquiry, and Health Affairs,and he recently co-edited with Clark Havighurst a symposium volume of Law and Contemporary Problems entitled “Who Pays? Who Benefits? Distributional Issues in Health Care” and his book Stateless Commerce (Harvard University Press, 2017). Some of his papers are available here.
Associate Professor of African & African American Studies, Biology, Community & Family Medicine
Charmaine DM Royal is a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and an associate professor of African & African American Studies, Biology, and Community & Family Medicine at Duke. She is also core faculty in the Duke Initiative for Science and Society and faculty affiliate in the Duke Global Health Institute.
Her research, scholarship, and teaching focus on ethical and social issues in genetics and genomics on a global scale, particularly the intersection of “race” and genetics, its policy implications, and practical interventions. She serves on several national and international professional committees and boards related to these topics. She directs the Duke Center on Genomics, Race, Identity, Difference (GRID) that aims to inform and transform the concepts, uses, and impacts of “race” in research, healthcare, and society.
She received an MA in genetic counseling and a PhD in human genetics from Howard University. She completed postgraduate training in bioethics and ELSI (ethical, legal, and social implications) research at the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health, and in epidemiology and behavioral medicine at Howard University Cancer Center.
Associate Professor Of The Practice Of Environmental Policy and Management
Elizabeth Shapiro-Garza is a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and an Associate Professor of the Practice of Environmental Policy and Management at the Nicholas School of the Environment. She serves as the Director for Community Engagement for the Duke University Superfund Research Center and the Director of the Certificate in Community-Based Environmental Management. She received her PhD from the University of California, Berkeley and her MA from Yale University. Her research focuses on the ethical implications of market-based environmental initiatives and policies in Latin America, their social and environmental impacts, and their intersection with development projects and goals at multiple scales. She has examined these themes in the context of national payments for ecosystem services programs in Mexico, cacao agroforestry systems in biosphere reserve buffer zones in Panama and Costa Rica, and coffee sustainability certification programs in Guatemala, El Salvador, Colombia, and Peru. She has published broadly on topics of environment and development.
PO Box 90328
Durham, NC 27708
Box 90328, 4103 Environment Hall
Durham, NC 27708
Chauncey Stillman Professor of Practical Ethics in the Department of Philosophy and the Kenan Institute for Ethics
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong is the Chauncey Stillman Professor of Practical Ethics in the Department of Philosophy and the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. He has worked on ethics (theoretical, applied, and empirical), philosophy of law, epistemology, philosophy of religion, and informal logic. He has received fellowships from the Harvard Program in Ethics and the Professions, the Princeton Center for Human Values, the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, the Center for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the Australian National University, and the Sage Center for the Study of the Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Sinnott-Armstrong is co-director of MADLab at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and has served as the co-director of the MacArthur Law and Neuroscience Project and co-investigator at the Oxford Centre for Neuroethics.
He is the author of Morality Without God? and Moral Skepticisms, editor of Moral Psychology, volumes I-III, and has published articles in a variety of philosophical, scientific, and popular journals and collections. His most recent book, Think Again: How to Reason and Argue, discusses the benefits that sound, fair arguments grounded in mutual understanding can have. His MOOC course of the same name, offered through Coursera, has attracted more than 900,000 registered students from over 150 countries.
Sinnott-Armstrong earned his BA from Amherst College and his PhD from Yale University. His current work is on moral psychology and brain science as well as the uses of neuroscience in legal systems.
102 West Duke Building
Durham, NC 27708
Assistant Academic Dean, Trinity College of Arts and Sciences; Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Jesse Summers is Assistant Academic Dean, Trinity College of Arts and Sciences; a Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics; and an adjunct assistant professor of Philosophy at Duke University. Previously, he was a post-doctoral fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and a Lecturing Fellow in the Thompson Writing Program.
He received his MA and PhD in Philosophy from UCLA, an MPhil in philosophy from University College London, and his BA in philosophy, political science, and French from the University of Kansas
His book Clean Hands?: Philosophical Reflections on Scrupulosity (with Walter Sinnott-Armstrong) is forthcoming from Oxford University Press.
Nonresident Senior Fellow, Kenan Institute for Ethics
Fiona Terry was the Institute’s Practitioner-in-Residence in Fall 2009. She has spent most of the past 15 years involved in humanitarian relief operations in different parts of the world, including in Northern Iraq, Somalia, the Great Lakes region of Africa, Liberia, and along the Sino-Korean border. From 2000 to 2003 she worked as a research director with Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors without Borders) in Paris, before spending three years in Myanmar (Burma) with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
Terry holds a Ph.D. in international relations and political science from the Australian National University and is the author of Condemned to Repeat? The Paradox of Humanitarian Action (2002). She won the 2006 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order.
Terry delivered the 2008 Kenan Distinguished Lecture in Ethics in which she discussed her analysis of the ethical dimensions of the humanitarian aid system, drawing both on her book and her recent work in Myanmar and the Sudan. Watch the lecture now.
Senior Research Fellow, Divinity School and Arts & Sciences, Associate Professor of the Practice of Theology, Ethics, and Global Health, Duke Divinity School
David Toole has a joint appointment in the Divinity School, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, and the Duke Global Health Institute. He is co-director, with Kay Jowers, of the PLANET PROJECT. He teaches courses on theology and social science, the history and ethics of humanitarianism, and health systems and policy, with an emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. His current research centers on the role of mission hospitals in African health systems, with a particular focus on the countries of the Nile River Basin in eastern Africa. He is the author of Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo: Theological Reflections on Nihilism, Tragedy, and Apocalypse. In addition to his teaching and his research on hospitals and health systems, he serves as the associate dean for Interdisciplinary Initiatives in the Divinity School and is the principal investigator of the Clergy Health Initiative. He is a lay Catholic and a member of Holy Infant Catholic Church in Durham, N.C.
Senior Fellow and Director of Worldview Lab, Kenan Institute for Ethics
Professor of Sociology
Stephen Vaisey’s research focuses on where people get their ideas about what a “good life” looks like and what it means to be a “good person,” and to determine how this shapes the choices they make. Most generally, he examines why people do the things they do, and figures out the role of culture and cognition in explaining human behavior. He has also conducted research on 1970s communes, religion, and marijuana use, educational overqualification, gene-environment interactions, and the relationship between poverty and educational aspirations, among other topics.
He is director of the Worldview Lab at the Kenan Institute, an interdisciplinary collaborative research group that brings together faculty, postdocs, graduate students, and undergraduate students to work on shared empirical projects. Worldview Lab's main goal is to better understand diversity in values, goals, and worldviews both internationally and within contemporary American society.
Stephen earned a BA in French and a BS in sociology from Brigham Young University, and an MA and PhD in sociology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Gilbert T. Rowe Distinguished Professor of Christian Theology
Norman Wirzba is Gilbert T. Rowe Distinguished Professor of Christian Theology at Duke Divinity School and a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. He pursues research and teaching interests at the intersections of theology, philosophy, ecology, and agrarian and environmental studies. He lectures frequently in Canada and the United States. His work focuses on understanding and promoting practices that can equip both rural and urban church communities to be more faithful and responsible members of creation. Current research is centered on a recovery of the doctrine of creation and a restatement of humanity in terms of its creaturely life.
Professor Wirzba has published The Paradise of God: Renewing Religion in an Ecological Age and Living the Sabbath: Discovering the Rhythms of Rest and Delight. His most recent books are Way of Love: Recovering the Heart of Christianity, From Nature to Creation: A Christian Vision for Understanding and Loving Our World, Food and Faith: A Theology of Eating, and (with Fred Bahnson) Making Peace with the Land: God’s Call to Reconcile with Creation. He also has edited several books, including The Essential Agrarian Reader: The Future of Culture, Community and the Land and The Art of the Commonplace: The Agrarian Essays of Wendell Berry.
Professor Wirzba serves as general editor for the book series Culture of the Land: A Series in the New Agrarianism, published by the University Press of Kentucky, and is co-founder and executive committee member of the Society for Continental Philosophy and Theology.
Duke Divinity School
Durham, NC 27708-0967