Journey of the Heart

“Migration is a journey of the heart,” said the Rev. Alan Hilliard, chaplaincies coordinator for the Dublin Institute of Technology, during a recent interfaith forum on refugee stories. It is a trial of emotions – a business heavy and hard – but also an opportunity for growth.

It is a journey of the heart, he said. But sometimes the heart is not so easily accessible. Sometimes migration, in all of its delicacy, is a story left untold.

In Ireland, an ever-diversifying nation that in 2016 saw more immigration than emigration, refugee and migrant stories are becoming increasingly relevant to the national narrative. Particularly valuable are the contributions of men and women too young to remember the more homogenous Ireland of centuries past. For these young people – both those born in country and those having arrived from elsewhere – Ireland is a diverse collection of religions, races, beliefs and nationalities. They believe in an Ireland that is entirely their own, and many of them hold that Ireland dear to their hearts.

Metro Éireann, Ireland’s first and only bimonthly multicultural newspaper and the organization with which I will be spending my summer, paints an integrative picture of this modern version of Ireland. Having operated since its conception as a forum for intercultural communication, Metro Éireann offers an avenue through which migrant peoples can have their stories shared.

Editor Chinedu Onyejelem, himself an immigrant from Nigeria, understands at his core that the Irish narrative would not be so dynamic without the many migrant and minority communities in and outside of Dublin. His mission, it seems, is to shed light on the individual migrant experiences that together make up this narrative – to probe the hearts and tell the stories of those whose tales are typically forsaken.

Each individual experiences his or her own version of Ireland. Each has a unique sense of belonging – an individually tailored conception of community and culture. Each has his or her own story of stagnation or migration – of home and of Ireland – and each has his or her own capacity to make that story known.

I want to help make those stories known. I want to make at least a modest contribution towards dialogue and understanding during my time in Ireland. With my work at Metro Éireann, I may have that chance. This summer marks the third consecutive during which Metro Éireann will host an intercultural writing competition in collaboration with the Kenan Institute of Ethics. This summer, like in the previous two, a Duke student has been tasked with organizing this competition. It is my turn to take on the project and, though sometimes intimidated by the scope of the challenge, I will do my best to plan an event that honors the newspaper’s commitment to giving migrants and minorities a voice.

The writing competition invites young writers between the ages of 14 and 21 to submit original works of fiction that explore the ethical challenges associated with intercultural diversity in Ireland. It is an effort aimed at integration, designed to foster the development of the next generation of Irish writers while at the same time enriching Irish intercultural life. Ultimately, the goal is to enable young people – and particularly young migrants – to tell their stories.

The writing process, of course, will daunt, baffle and dishearten many young adults, and the challenge for me will be to help them trust that their words hold value. I imagine that those for whom English is not a first language will feel especially intimidated. My hope, though, is that these individuals will come to our workshop sessions, engage with their struggle, and recognize the power of storytelling. My hope is that they will link their mind to their heart and write from the depths of their experiences.

Above all, my hope is that they will come to understand that migration is indeed a journey of the heart, and that they will tell us the way in which their hearts experienced such a journey. I want to know their migrations; I want to know their hearts; I want to know their conceptions of Ireland.

I want to know their stories.

A Refugee is More Than Just a Refugee

Each of us is more than the worst thing we have ever done, said Bryan Stevenson, founder and director of the Equal Justice Initiative, in Just Mercy. Each of us is more than the worst thing that has ever happened to us, too.

A murderer is more than just a murderer. A thief is more than just a thief. A beggar is more than just a beggar.

A refugee is more than just a refugee.

Unfortunately, we often forget to detach the person from the experience – or that such separation is even possible. In a world dominated by statistical discrimination, connecting an individual to the stereotypes associated with his or her life experience is convenient. We do not have to think terribly hard about it. A refugee is a refugee is a refugee, and somehow we make ourselves okay with that.

But Stevenson was on to something. A refugee is more than just a refugee.

In my time at Metro Éireann and in Ireland, I have engaged with men and women representing several different backgrounds and lifestyles. No two people are alike. And interestingly enough, I have found that those for whom Ireland is not home – immigrants, asylum seekers and refugees – are often most receptive to the beauty behind all of the difference.

Take Tarek, for example. Tarek is a Syrian teenager who landed in Dublin after fleeing unaccompanied to Greece to seek asylum. When I see him on Wednesday afternoons, he likes to ask me for help with his English.

“I love learning new language,” he told me one day. “I watch American films to practice my English because, if my English is very good, I can speak better and make more friends.”

Tarek is right: there is a tremendous power in language. To communicate is to properly know – or get to know – another. Language can open new lines of communication that, for young asylum seekers still unsettled in an unfamiliar place, are often key to happiness. Everybody – migrants and non-migrants alike – wants to be known and loved. Everybody wants to feel heard. Everybody wants to be understood.

Still barriers – both spontaneous and systematic – may try to disrupt the degree to which communication can occur across cultures, but we can work to be forever mindful of those barriers and, in doing so, break them down. In an ever-diversifying Ireland where the idea of culture is beginning to mean more than just Gaelic athletics and Guinness, these barriers must be broken. Exchange – of perspectives, of personalities, of cultures – depends on it. Integration depends on it.

How, then, can we encourage greater cultural exchange? In a note written to me by the director of a summer media camp for Irish children, I was asked to, while leading a workshop related to the intercultural writing competition of which I am in charge, teach a lesson on cultural diversity. But therein lay a problem for me: I did not think cultural diversity could be taught. At least, I did not think I could properly teach it.

I struggled to conceptualize how I, a 20-year-old white male from the United States, could be expected to instruct young people living within the legal and historical framework of another nation on a concept so delicate as cultural diversity. By no means was the writing competition established so students like me could lecture would-be participants on the potential of an intercultural Ireland.

In truth, we each approach a topic like cultural diversity through a lens that is entirely our own. No one person can reasonably tell another that he or she should reconsider the way his or her culture fits into Ireland’s social landscape. Young people especially – impressionable as they can sometimes be – should be encouraged to balance all considerations and arrive at their own opinions.

With our intercultural writing competition and the associated writing workshops, we at Metro Éireann and the Kenan Institute for Ethics are hoping to enable this level of thinking. We are providing a structure for thinking about cultural diversity, a creative outlet for wrestling with it, and a platform for discussing it. We are trying to initiate a cross-cultural dialogue of which the Ireland of centuries past was not fully capable. We are trying to help the next generation continue to move Ireland forward.

Our competition is an effort aimed at integration, really. It is an effort aimed at communication and understanding. It is an effort aimed at interculturalism. When I did arrive at that summer media camp, I did not lead a lecture. I lead a discussion, prefaced by the disclosure that what I said was of no more value than what any camper said. The students and I talked about life in Ireland, about culture and diversity and cultural diversity. We talked about multiculturalism and interculturalism, and we mapped out the distinction between the two.

We talked about how interculturalism goes beyond the mere recognition of the existence of multiple cultures and instead refers to the way in which people of different cultures interact, communicate and come to understand each other. We talked about how our writing competition – which empowers storytelling amongst young migrant and Irish writers – could bring Ireland one small step closer to true interculturalism.

If such a step does indeed take place, I would consider my summer a success. An intercultural Ireland is one in which more people feel known and loved, more people feel heard, and more people feel understood. Hopefully, this Ireland is not too far away. Hopefully, the competition will help us reach it. And hopefully, those who choose to submit their stories and poems will learn – not from me, but from each other – that each person is more than simply their worst experience.

A refugee is more than just a refugee.