More than a hundred and thirty countries now have competition laws. Many of the countries that have adopted competition laws in recent years exhibit conditions that make the successful implementation of such a powerful pro-market policy unlikely. A large number of them are poor, have low bureaucratic capacity, and their political economies are characterized by weak rule of law, extensive market-distorting regulations, public and/or private monopolies, clientelistic or autocratic politics, pervasive corruption, and high levels of both economic and political inequality. Yet some of the newer competition regimes in the developing world appear to have succeeded in attaining substantial political independence, dismantling private and public barriers to market competition, and contributing to economic development and other goals of their respective societies.
The papers presented at this workshop will, individually and collectively, seek to answer the question: Why has the establishment of a competition law and enforcement agency succeeded in some countries while it has largely failed in others? And specifically, what are the conditions under which competition law and policy will contribute to development, equality and/or economic and political liberalization?
This workshop brings together scholars from law, economics, and political science, as well as practitioners to address these questions in a consciously interdisciplinary manner.
Additional authors include Armando Rodriguez of University of New Haven College of Business, William Kovacic of George Washington Law School, Duke Law LLM student Cristóbal Ramírez, and Ralf Michaels, of Duke University Law School.
9:00-9:50 Umut Aydin and Tim Büthe “SUCCESS AND LIMITS OF COMPETITION LAW & POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: Explaining Variations in Outcomes; Exploring Possibilities and Limits.”
10:00-11:00 Armando E. Rodriguez: “UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF COMPETITION AGENCY INEFFECTIVENESS.” Discussants: Erik Wibbels and Jerome Reichman
11:00-Noon William E. Kovacic: “THE LIFE CYCLES OF NEW COMPETITION AGENCIES: Explaining Variation in Successful Implementation of New Competition Regimes since the 1980s.” Discussants: Corinne Krupp and Andrew Chin
1:00‐1:50 Umut Aydin: “COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY IN MEXICO: Successes and Challenges.” Discussants: Edward Balleisen and Rachel Brewster
1:50‐2:40 Cristóbal Ramírez: “ANTITRUST IN CHILE: Successes, Limitations, and Two Unresolved Issues.” Discussants: Russell Damtoft and Fritz Mayer
3:00‐4:00 Ralf Michaels: “FIRST WORLD ANTITRUST ENFORCEMENT FOR THIRD WORLD MARKETS: Hegemonialism, Altruism, or Proper Global Policy?” Discussants: Russell Damtoft and Alexander Kirshner
4:00‐4:30 CONCLUDING DISCUSSION
Monday, May 4, 8:30am-4:30pm
West Duke 101
Faculty and students interested in the topic are welcome to attend the workshop by registering with Amber Díaz Pearson by 5:00 Friday, May 1. Copies of the papers will be circulated to registered participants, and all are requested to read the papers in advance.