201-E West Duke Building
Durham, NC 27708
I continue to do research mainly in three areas: Bioethics (at present mainly on the ethics of enhancement and of synthetic biology), Philosophy of International Law, and social moral epistemology. My most recent papers are as follows: (1)“Philosophical Theories of Human Rights,” forthcoming in The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy, David Estlund, ed.; (2) “Why International Legal Human Rights?”, forthcoming in FOUNDATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS, edited by Matthew Liao and Massimo Renzo; (3) “Human Rights and Moral Progress,” forthcoming in HUMAN RIGHTS: THE HARD QUESTIONS, edited by Cindy Holder and David Reidy, and (4) “Social Moral Epistemology and Education,” forthcoming in a volume on the Philosophy of Education resulting from a Spencer Foundation conference, edited by Harry Brighouse. 1) is a critical survey of current work by philosophers on human rights and argues that they have a seriously inadequate conception of what a philosophical theory of human rights should do. (2) addresses an embarrassingly neglected question: Even if there are moral human rights, why should we have a system of international legal human rights? (3) develops a theory of moral progress and shows how the modern conception of human rights incorporates progress in thinking about justice. These three papers on human rights plus the paper on social moral epistemology and education are available, if you email me requesting them. His books on enhancement include BEYOND HUMANITY (Oxford, 2012) and BETTER THAN HUMAN (Oxford, 2012).