09.00 Registration and Coffee
09.30 Welcome, introduction, and setting the stage
This session will be introduced by Jonathan B. Wiener, Lori S. Bennear and Andrea Renda. We will discuss key research questions for the workshop, including the alternative strategies and instrument choices for adaptive regulation of fast-changing emerging technologies.
10.00 Panel 1 – Ethics, technology and machine learning
This session will be moderated by Andrea Renda and will be dedicated to a discussion of the main ethical aspects of emerging technologies. In particular, the challenge of developing human-friendly, ethical algorithms and artificial intelligence will be explored, with examples from various fields, e.g. autonomous vehicles and medical robots. The prospect for the advancement of deep learning technologies also calls for a discussion on both agency and liability issues. For example, a recent report of the European Parliament called for the attribution of a separate legal personality to smart autonomous robots. Should US policymakers move in the same direction?
11.30 Keynote & Lunch – Ethics and emerging technologies
Keynote presentation by Luciano Floridi, Oxford
13:15 Panel 2 – The Case of Autonomous Vehicles
This session will be moderated by Lori S. Bennear, and will focus on one specific technology, that of autonomous vehicles. How can policymakers facilitate the transition towards self-driving cars on the road? What adaptive regulation techniques can be used to balance innovation and efficiency in transportation with safety, security and the protection of users’ rights? How should the transition be managed, in particular when both self-driving and human-driven cars are co-existing on the road? How can decision algorithms, and technologies such as “geo-fencing” and modification in the road infrastructure, be used to avoid or mitigate ethical problems such as the “trolley problem”? How should the handoff problem be approached in semi-autonomous vehicles? How and when should self-driving cars share data?
14.45 Panel 3 – Emerging technology and policy learning
This session will be moderated by Jonathan B. Wiener, and will focus on policy learning. What are the alternative strategies for adaptive regulation? What is “on the menu” of instrument choices, or which “tools are in the toolbox,” for designing more adaptive/built-to-learn regulatory systems? What are the strengths and weaknesses of each? If a machine can be coded to adapt to changing conditions, can public policies be “programmed” to do so as well? What combination of industry best practices, soft law, private regulation and public rules/standards would best tackle these challenges, allowing for both flexibility and predictability of legal rules? What changes would be needed in the regulatory process to accommodate the new policy mix? What would be the needs and opportunities posed by adaptive regulatory approaches for key public and private actors? What would be the needs for key functions through the “adaptive policy cycle” – e.g. initial policy, ex ante impact assessment, oversight/review, data gathering and monitoring, ex post or ongoing evaluation, policy adjustment/revision,and iterative oversight/review – and who should perform each task? What ethical issues and public/stakeholder involvement questions are important?