Dec 022017
 December 2, 2017

With the five-year anniversary of India’s mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) law on the horizon, The Duke Human Rights Center at the Kenan Institute for Ethics is hosting a two-day workshop with the central goal of taking stock of the legislation.

Although the legislation has inspired much theoretical debate, actual evaluations to date have focused narrowly on individual companies, asking whether or not they are increasing their CSR allocations. This workshop aims to expand the analytical framework to assess the legislation, particularly its impact, focusing on both the philanthropy and corporate responsibility landscapes. It brings together academics and practitioners from India who are deeply involved in India’s CSR developments with U.S.-based CSR experts from outside of Duke. We plan to analyze the legislation from a conceptual, empirical and policy perspective.

This workshop is open to the public; RSVP is requested. Email Suzanne Katzenstein:

This workshop is made possible with the generous funding of the Duke India Initiative.

Monday, June 4 – Tuesday, June 5, 2018
Ahmadieh Family Conference Room (West Duke 101)
East Campus, Duke University

The workshop will be held in the Ahmadieh Family Conference Room (Room 101), West Duke Building on Duke’s East Campus.

Sunday, June 3

  • Afternoon/early evening: arrival and check-in at King’s Daughters Inn (KDI), 204 North Buchanan Blvd. (taxi information forthcoming in individual, separate emails.)
  • Dinner: more information coming soon. Please check back!

Monday, June 4

  • Breakfast at KDI (Coffee will be available at West Duke)
  • 8:45 am – Ewan Kingston, the workshop rapporteur, will meet participants in the lobby of KDI and walk with you to West Duke building.
    • Alternatively, please walk from KDI to West Duke Building, Room 101 (approximately a 10-minute walk) — see map below for walking directions (use the crosswalk across Buchanan Blvd for a more direct route).
  • 9:00 am – Workshop begins
  • 4:45 pm – Workshop ends
  • 6:15 pm– Gather in tea room of KDI for Suzanne, Sumathi, and Juliette/Prasenjit to pick you up and take you dinner at Piedmont Restaurant.

Tuesday, June 5

  • Breakfast at KDI
    • Please walk from KDI to West Duke Building, Room 101 (approximately a 10-minute walk).
    • If your flight leaves this afternoon, feel free to ask KDI to store your luggage.
  • 9:00 am – Workshop begins
  • 1:30 pm – Workshop ends
  • If your flight leaves this afternoon, return to KDI, where LTD will pick you up. Please be in front of KDI at the time of pick-up.
  • If your flight leaves on Wednesday, June 6, Suzanne will arrange a dinner gathering and provide details in person.

    AGENDA  (as of 10:00 am, 5/31 — subject to change)

    Monday, June 4

    9:00-9:15 — Introductions

    9:15-10:00 — Vik Khanna & Wayne Norman (Commentator)

    10:00-10:45 — Shankar Venkateswaran & Ronnie Chatterji (Commentator)

    10:45-11:00 — Coffee Break

    11:00-11:45 — Dinesh Agrawal & Sumathi Ramaswamy (Commentator)

    11:45-12:30 — Sunila Kale & Anirudh Krishna (Commentator)

    12:30-1:30 — Lunch

    1:30-2:15 — Rahul Mitra & Prasenjit Duara (Commentator)

    2:15-3:00 — Femida Handy & Wayne Norman (Commentator)

    3:00-3:15 — Coffee Break

    3:15-4:00 — Aneel Karnani & Shankar Venkateswaran (Commentator)

    4:00-4:45— Suzanne Katzenstein & Aneel Karnani (Commentator)

    Tuesday, June 5 

    9: 00-9:45 — Shubha Sekar & Dan Vemeer (Commentator)

    9:45-10:30 — Afra Afsharipour & Suzanne Katzenstein (Commentator)

    10:30 –10:45 — Coffee Break

    10:45-11:30 — Kasturi Gupta & Juliette Duara (Commentator)

    11:30-12:15 — Ingrid Srinath &  Sandria Freitag (Commentator)

    12:15-1:30 — Lunch and Wrap-up  

    Invited Guests

    Afra Afsharipour is Professor of Law and Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall Research Scholar at University of California, Davis School of Law. She is also the incoming Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at UC Davis School of Law. She researches in the areas of comparative corporate law, corporate governance, mergers and acquisitions, and transactional law. She teaches courses in business associations, mergers and acquisitions, startups and venture capital, and antitrust. Her scholarship has appeared in several books and law reviews, including Columbia Law Review, Minnesota Law Review, Oklahoma Law Review, National Law School of India Review, Vanderbilt Law Review, and other leading journals. She is the author of the Handbook on Corporate Governance in India: Legal Standards and Board Practices (The Conference Board 2016). She serves on the executive committee of the Business Associations section and the Law and South Asian Studies section of the Association of American Law Schools. She also serves on the executive committee of the American Society of Comparative Law.

    Professor Afsharipour received her Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School, where she was a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar, and served as an articles editor of the Columbia Law Review and a submissions editor of the Columbia Journal of Gender and Law. She received her B.A. (magna cum laude) from Cornell University. She also served as a law clerk to the Honorable Rosemary Barkett of the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals.

    Dinesh Agrawal has more than 39 years of experience with NTPC Ltd. in diverse areas such as Sustainability, Business Excellence, Corporate Social Responsibility, Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement, and Environment Management. At NTPC, Dinesh initiated socio-economic surveys, need-assessment surveys, community development plans, social impact evaluations, framing policies and guidelines, etc. and introduced innovative concepts such as a Public Information Centre, Village Development Advisory Committee, and Village Quality Circle. During formulation of National Voluntary Guidelines on Social, Environmental and Economic Responsibilities of Business, Dinesh was closely associated with IICA and MCA when CSR was being contemplated as integral part of Company Act.

    Dinesh completed a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from GB Pant University, India; a two-year leadership program at Lead International with international training in Costa Rica, Zimbabwe, and Thailand; and a training program on Environmental Management at International Centre for Hydro Power, Norway.

    Kasturi Gupta holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Syracuse University. Her research focuses on the politics of CSR in post-colonial India. Currently, she is Program Director for the South Asian Studies Council and the Program on Refugees, Forced Displacement, and Humanitarian Responses at Yale University.

    Femida Handy is Professor of Nonprofit Studies at the School of Social Policy and Practice, University of Pennsylvania. She completed her six-year term as the editor-in-chief of the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, the leading journal in the field. Dr. Handy is currently the Director of the PhD program in Social Welfare. Dr. Handy obtained her PhD in 1995 from York University, Toronto. Her dissertation received the 1996 Award for excellence from the Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary
Action (ARNOVA).

    Dr. Handy’s research is collaborative and interdisciplinary by nature with colleagues from disciplines ranging from sociology to business and medicine to engineering. She has published on wide range of topics that focus on the nonprofit sector including philanthropy and volunteering. She has won multiple awards from different journals for ‘best research paper of the year.’ More recently, her co-edited book The Palgrave Handbook of Global Philanthropy was selected for the Virginia A. Hodgkinson Research Book Prize. Her recent contributions to the area of philanthropy also include a co-authored book, Philanthropy in India: Promise to Practice (2016). The most recent book she co-authored is Ethics for Social Impact (2018).

    Sunila S. Kale is Associate Professor in the Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington, where she also serves as Chair and Director of the South Asian Studies program and center. Her research and teaching focus on Indian politics, the politics of energy and infrastructure, and the political economy of development. She is the author of Electrifying India (Stanford 2014) and numerous journal articles and essays, and is co-editor (along with Ranjit Bharvirkar and Navroz Dubash) of the forthcoming volume Mapping Power (OUP 2018). Her two current research projects include a study of the politics of CSR in mining districts in eastern India and an analysis of yoga as a political theory (with Christian L. Novetzke).

    Aneel Karnani is faculty member of the Strategy group at the Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of Michigan. He has received the Teaching Excellence Award several times. He has held visiting appointments to teach in the MBA and executive development programs at many universities including the Northwestern University, London Business School, INSEAD (France), HEC (France), CEIBS (China), Indian Business School, Chulalongkorn University (Thailand), and INCAE (Costa Rica). In addition, he has lectured in several other countries in Latin America, Middle East, Europe, and Asia. Prior to joining the University of Michigan’s faculty in 1980, he obtained his doctoral degree from the Harvard Business School. He also holds an MBA and B.Tech. (Electrical Engineering), both from India.

    Professor Karnani’s interests are focused on three topics: strategies for growth, global competition, and the role of business in society. He studies how firms can leverage existing competitive advantages and create new ones to achieve rapid growth. He is interested in global competition, particularly in the context of emerging economies. He studies both how local companies can compete against large multinational firms, and how multinational firms can succeed in these unfamiliar markets. Karnani researches poverty reduction and the appropriate roles for the private sector, the state and civil society. He is interested in how society can strike the appropriate balance between private profits and public welfare in tackling major societal challenges. He has published in and is a member of the editorial boards of several professional journals, such as Management Science, Strategic Management Journal, and California Management Review. He is the author of the book Fighting Poverty Together: Rethinking Strategies for Business, Governments, and Civil Society to Reduce Poverty, published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2011.

    Vikramaditya S. Khanna, the William W. Cook Professor of Law, is faculty director of the Directors’ College for Global Business and Law and co-director of the Joint Centre for Global Corporate and Financial Law & Policy, a collaboration between Michigan Law and India’s Jindal Global Law School. He earned his SJD at Harvard Law School, where he has been a visiting faculty member. He served as a senior research fellow at Columbia and Yale law schools, and as a visiting scholar at Stanford Law School. He was a recipient of the John M. Olin Faculty Fellowship in 2002–2003. His interest areas include corporate and securities law, corporate crime, law in India, corporate governance in emerging markets, and law and economics. He is the founding and current editor of both India Law Abstracts and White Collar Crime Abstracts on the Social Science Research Network. He has testified before the U.S. Congress and his papers have been published in, or are forthcoming in, the Harvard Law Review, the Journal of Finance, the Michigan Law Review, the Supreme Court Economic Review, the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, the Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, the Journal of Econometrics, and the Georgetown Law Journal. News publications in the United States, India, Germany, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom have quoted him. He has given talks at Harvard, Columbia, Stanford, and Yale universities; the University of California, Berkeley; and the Wharton School, as well as to the National Bureau of Economic Research and the American Law and Economics Association. He has presented in the United States, India, China, Turkey, Brazil, and Greece.

    Rahul Mitra is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication, at Wayne State University, Detroit, MI. His research focuses on sustainable business, corporate social responsibility, and organizing for social change, employing mainly qualitative methods. His work has appeared in peer-reviewed publications such as Environmental Communication, Management Communication Quarterly, Human Relations, and Journal of Business Ethics. He was awarded the Linda L. Putnam Early Career Scholar Award by the Organizational Communication division of the International Communication Association, in 2018.

    Shubha Sekhar is presently Director of CSR & Sustainability for Coca-Cola’s India & South West Asia Business Unit, and is also heading Anandana, Coca-Cola India Foundation. She has over two decades of international and cross-functional experience in CSR & Sustainability, Business & Human Rights, and Law & Government. She was recently named as one of India’s Top 25 CSR professionals by a leading publication.

    In her last role within Coca-Cola, she was part of a global team as Director of Human & Workplace Rights for Eurasia and North Africa, with responsibility for implementing Coca-Cola’s Human and Workplace Rights policies for the company, bottling partners, and key supplier partners in 50 countries. In this role, she played a key role in setting up the AIM Progress India Regional Forum along with seven other FMCG companies, and in setting up the India CEO’s Forum on Business & Human Rights (2012-14) under the Chairmanship of N.R. Narayana Murthy (Chairman Emeritus, Infosys) in partnership with UNGC Network India. This forum helped in drawing a Human Rights vision and a two-year roadmap for businesses in India.

    She was invited by UN Global Compact Network India to be Member of the Sub-Committee on Business & Human Rights, along with representatives from other businesses, civil society, human rights experts, including the National Human Rights Commission and business associations (2010-2012). She is a member of important committees in many industry associations, such as instance FICCI’s CSR Committee and Water Mission, AMCHAM’s CSR Committee, and CII–India@75 Task Force on Pro Bono Volunteering. She has been a panelist/presenter at several seminars and workshops on CSR & Sustainability and Human Rights and Business. She holds a Masters in Law (LLM) from Delhi University and is also a Solicitor England & Wales (presently non-practicing).

    Ingrid Srinath is the founder Director of the Centre for Social Impact and Philanthropy at Ashoka University, the first academic centre in South Asia to focus on these themes. She has been a passionate advocate for human rights, social justice, and civil society for the past 20 years. A graduate of the Indian Institute of Management, Kolkata, Ingrid transitioned from her 12-year career in advertising to the non-profit sector in 1998 with CRY (Child Rights and You), where she was CEO from 2004-08. She served as Secretary General from 2008-12 at CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation, an influential global network of non-profit organizations. She was Executive Director of CHILDLINE India Foundation, India’s emergency helpline for children in distress and, subsequently, CEO of Hivos India, the Indian arm of the Dutch global NGO. She has served on the advisory boards of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Development Cooperation Forum (UN DCF), the World Economic Forum (WEF), the Young Lives project at Oxford University, Alliance magazine, Hasirudala, Danamojo and the Prajnya Trust and on the boards of WINGS, the INGO Accountability Charter, The Rules, Public Interest Registry and Majlis Law.

    Shankar Venkateswaran is an advisor on matters relating to corporate sustainability and sustainable development. He retired in September 2017 as the chief of Tata Sustainability Group (TSG) which was tasked with providing guidance, thought leadership, and support on sustainability and corporate responsibility matters of the $100 billion Tata group of companies.

    For the past decade, Shankar’s work has focused on corporate sustainability. He set up and led TSG in bringing emerging sustainability ideas (such as natural and social capital valuation, circularity and sustainable supply chains) to the Tata group, assisting group companies integrate sustainability into core business and helped curate and execute the group’s disaster response, volunteering and skilling initiatives. He joined the Tata group after working with the UK-based think-tank and consultants, SustainAbility, and the global firm of management consultants, PriceWaterhouseCoopers, where he advised several companies on sustainability strategy and reporting.

    Prior to this, he spent around 15 years in social development with the international NGO, ActionAid and the American India Foundation (which he helped establish in India and served as its first Executive Director – India). While at ActionAid, he also set up Partners in Change, a non-profit that pioneered corporate sustainability and CSR advisory services in India. Shankar spent the initial 12 years of his career in the consulting firm, A F Ferguson & Co. (now Deloitte) where he worked with companies and governments on a wide range of management issues.

    He has held board positions with several non-profits in India and overseas. He was also a member of the guidelines drafting committee for the National Voluntary Guidelines for Responsible Business notified by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India and was a part of a two-member panel that updated these guidelines. Shankar is an engineer and an MBA, and is committed to working with young people to increase their understanding and practice of the role of business in society. He is an amateur stage actor, an enthusiastic weekend tennis player and dabbles in writing.

    Local Discussants

    Aaron Chatterji, PhD, is an Associate Professor at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business. He previously served as a Senior Economist at the White House Council of Economic Advisors (CEA) where he worked on a wide range of policies relating to entrepreneurship, innovation, infrastructure and economic growth. Chatterji’s research and teaching investigate some of the most important forces shaping our global economy and society: entrepreneurship, innovation, and the expanding social mission of business. He was awarded an inaugural Junior Faculty Fellowship from the Kauffman Foundation to recognize his work as a leading scholar in entrepreneurship. He also received the Rising Star award from the Aspen Institute for his work on business and public policy.

    His research has been published in leading academic journals and been cited by CNN and The Economist. He has authored several op-ed pieces, including in the New York Times and Wall Street Journal, appeared on national TV and radio, and was recently profiled in The Financial Times and Fortune. Chatterji has also testified as an expert witness at the House Committee on Small Business and the U.S. Department of State and served as a Fellow at the Center for American Progress.

    Juliette Duara is a Senior Fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. Her current work involves comparative investigations into the implementation of human rights standards in Asian jurisdictions. Most recently this project has included research into human rights issues related to appropriations of land without adequate notice or compensation to affected populations, i.e. the “land grab” issue. Juliette, who is especially interested in the gendered implications of human rights violations, has previously worked on women and inheritance in colonial Asia, and proportionality and gender equality adjudication in India. Juliette has an M.A. in Asian Studies from Stanford, a J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School, and a Ph.D. in Law from the National University of Singapore Faculty of Law.

    Prasennjit Duara is the Oscar Tang Chair of East Asian Studies at Duke University. He was born and educated in India and received his PhD in Chinese history from Harvard University. He was previously Professor and Chair of the Department of History and Chair of the Committee on Chinese Studies at the University of Chicago (1991-2008). Subsequently, he became Raffles Professor of Humanities and Director, Asia Research Institute at National University of Singapore (2008-2015).

    In 1988, he published Culture, Power and the State: Rural North China, 1900-1942 (Stanford Univ Press), which won the Fairbank Prize of the AHA and the Levenson Prize of the AAS, USA. Among his other books are Rescuing History from the Nation (U Chicago 1995), Sovereignty and Authenticity: Manchukuo and the East Asian Modern (Rowman 2003), and most recently The Crisis of Global Modernity: Asian Traditions and a Sustainable Future (Cambridge 2014). He has edited Decolonization: Now and Then (Routledge, 2004) and co-edited A Companion to Global Historical Thought with Viren Murthy and Andrew Sartori (John Wiley, 2014). His work has been widely translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and the European languages.

    Sandria B. Freitag has long explored a range of source materials used to answer new questions about ordinary people in Indian society (ranging from criminality to public-space activities), and tracing change from the British period through the 20th century. The project she is completing now deals with the first two ‘mass’-produced and -consumed forms of visual culture – posters and photography – and what they reveal about the intersection of everyday life with participation in the larger patterns of public life in modern India. Her new work focuses on NGOs, as another aspect of public life, especially those dealing with the twin goals of craft perpetuation and social uplift.

    Suzanne Katzenstein is a Research Scholar and the Project Director at the Duke Human Rights Center at the Kenan Institute for Ethics. Her current research analyzes government use of different economic and legal strategies to protect national security and promote human rights. Most recently, Suzanne was a visiting assistant professor at Duke Law School. At Kenan, she teaches classes on human rights and is working to advance new human rights programming with a special focus on cultivating global partnerships. Suzanne has a J.D. from Harvard Law School and Ph.D. in political science from Columbia University.

    Anirudh Krishna (PhD in Government, Cornell University, 2000; Masters in Economics, Delhi University, 1980) is the Edgar T. Thompson Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Duke University. His research investigates how poor communities and individuals in developing countries cope with the structural and personal constraints that result in poverty and powerlessness. His most recent book, Fixing the Broken Staircase: The Paradox and the Potential of India’s One-Billion (Penguin and Cambridge University Press, 2017), examines why poverty persists despite rapid growth and addresses way to overcome inequality of opportunity. He has authored or co-authored five other books, including One Illness Away: Why People Become Poor and How they Escape Poverty (Oxford, 2010), and more than 60 journal articles and book chapters. Krishna received an honorary doctorate from Uppsala University, Sweden in 2011; the Olaf Palme Visiting Professorship from the Swedish Research Council in 2007; the Dudley Seers Memorial Prize in 2005 and 2013; and a Best Article Award of the American Political Science Association in 2002. Before returning to academia, Krishna spent 14 years with the Indian Administrative Service, managing diverse rural and urban development initiatives (

    Wayne Norman is the Mike and Ruth Mackowski Professor of Ethics at the Kenan Institute for Ethics and in the Department of Philosophy at Duke University. He specializes in business ethics and political philosophy: his work in business ethics includes critical evaluations of stakeholder theory, corporate citizenship, corporate social responsibility, the so-called “triple bottom line”, and conflicts of interest; and his work in political philosophy includes nationalism, citizenship, constitutionalism, federalism, secession, and multiculturalism. He is the author of Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-building, Federalism, and Secession in the Multinational State and co-editor or author of four other books. His articles have appeared in numerous journals including Ethics, Political Studies, and Business Ethics Quarterly. He previously held Chairs in Business Ethics at the Université de Montréal and the University of British Columbia, and before that taught at the University of Ottawa and the University of Western Ontario. In 2001, his five-person MBA Core Team won the Allen Blizzard Award for Best Collaborative Teaching in Higher Education in Canada. He earned a bachelor’s degree in philosophy from Trent University and a doctorate in philosophy from the London School of Economics. He is currently working on a conception of business ethics arising out of the economic and legal theory of the firm.

    Sumathi Ramaswamy is a cultural historian of South Asia and the British Empire whose research over the last few years has been largely in the areas of visual studies, the history of cartography, and gender. Her recent publications in this area include The Goddess and the Nation: Mapping Mother India (Duke University Press, 2010); and two edited volumes, Barefoot Across the Nation: Maqbool Fida Husain and the Idea of India (Routledge, 2010), and Empires of Vision (co-edited with Martin Jay, Duke University Press, 2014). Her pictorial monograph titled Husain’s Raj: Visions of Empire and Nation was published in 2016 by Marg, Mumbai. Her work in popular visual history led her in 2006 to co-establish Tasveerghar: A Digital Network of South Asian Popular Visual Culture. More recently, in collaboration with Heidelberg Sinologist Barbara Mittler, she has started a comparative project titled “No Parallel?: The Fatherly Bodies of Gandhi and Mao.” This project has been funded by the Humboldt Foundation which honored her in 2016 with the Annaliese Maier Research Award.

    She is also pursuing a new research agenda on the cultures of learning in colonial and postcolonial India. As part of this agenda, she has recently published a monograph titled Terrestrial Lessons: The Conquest of the World as Globe (University of Chicago Press, 2017), in which she explores the debates in colonial India about the shape and disposition of the earth in the universe and examines the course of science education conducted around the terrestrial globe as a pedagogic object as it enters Indian schools. A second project tentatively titled “A Strange Kindness? Giving & Learning in Tamil India,” draws upon her experience as Program Officer for Education, Arts & Culture for the Ford Foundation in New Delhi (2002-2005). It charts the ethical, economic and political impulses that have governed private philanthropy directed towards the establishment of colleges and universities across Tamil India from the 19th century into the present.

    Daniel Vermeer, PhD, is Associate Professor of the Practice of Energy & Environment at Duke University, and founder and director of the Center for Energy, Development, and the Global Environment (EDGE), at Duke’s Fuqua School of Business, an initiative that harnesses the power of business to meet the global demand for energy, resources, and improved quality of life. Through education, thought leadership, and outreach, EDGE helps to develop promising new solutions to global energy and sustainability challenges, and convenes business, civic, and academic leaders to scale these solutions for maximum impact.

    His areas of expertise include sustainability strategy, risk management, energy & behavior, value chains, resource productivity, water and ecosystem services, sustainable agriculture, industrial efficiency, product certification, and sustainable development. His current research focuses natural capital considerations in business decision-making, water risk and resilience, data and analytics for sustainable agriculture, cleantech urban development, and energy innovation in emerging markets.

    Ewan Kingston is a fourth-year PhD student in Philosophy at Duke. His research lies at the intersection of global justice and business ethics. In particular it asks which actors have responsibility for preventing environmental pollution and violations of international labor standards in supply chains and production networks that do not belong in any single political jurisdiction.
    Conference participants may access papers via the password-protected page below.

    Click here to access conference papers.